References: 1781 Battles and Skirmishes

© 2000 -2002, 2010 - John K. Robertson

Many of the references below were compiled by the U.S. Army Center for Military History, and are part of a much more comprehensive bibliography of the American Revolution which is available online.

Allyn, Charles. The Battle of Groton Heights. Revised Edition. New London, CT: Charles Allyn, 1882.

Bannister, Lieutenant Colonel John to Theodoric Bland, 16 May 1781, Bland Papers, Collection of the Director of Tourism and Museums, The City of Petersburg, VA.

Boatner, Mark M, III. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Cann, Marvin L. "War in the Backcountry: The Siege of Ninety Six, May 22-June 19, 1781." South Carolina Historical Magazine, 72 (January 1971), pp. 1-14.

Charlottesville Raid
Dabney, Virginius. "Jack Jouette's Ride." Magazine of Albemarle County History, 30 (1972), pp. 19-27.

Wylie, John Cook. "Writings About Jack Jouette and Tarleton's Raid on Charlottesville in 1781." Magazine of Albemarle County History, 17 (1958-1959), pp. 49-56.

Wylie, John Cook. "Daniel Boone's Adventures in Charlottesville in 1781: Some Incidents Connected with Tarleton's Raid." Magazine of Albemarle County History, 19 (1960-1961), pp. 5-18.

Babits, Lawrence E. A Devil of a Whipping: The Battle of Cowpens . Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Bass, Robert D. The Green Dragoon

Bearss, Edwin C. Battle of Cowpens: A Documented Narrative and Troop Movement Maps . TN: Overmountain Press, 1996.

Buchanan, John. The Road to Guilford Courthouse: The American Revolution in the Carolinas . New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.

Davis, Burke. The Cowpens-Guilford Courthouse Campaign. Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1962.

Fleming, Thomas J. Cowpens: "Downright Fighting," The Story of Cowpens . Washington, DC: Superintendent of Documents, 1988.

Higginbotham, Don. Daniel Morgan: Revolutionary Rifleman. Chapek Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1961.

Moss, Bobby Gilmer. The Patriots at the Cowpens . Greenville, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1990.

Myers, Theodoras Baily, ed. Cowpens Papers: Being Correspondence of Genral Morgan and Prominent Actors. Charleston, SC: News and Courier Book Presses, 1881.

Pugh, Robert Coplin. "The Cowpens Campaign and the American Revolution." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Illinois, 1951.

Rankin, Hugh F. "Cowpens: Prelude to Yorktown." North Carolina Historical Review, 31 (July 1954), pp. 336-369.

Roberts, Kenneth. The Battle of Cowpens: The Great Morale-Builder. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1958.

Rockwell, E.F. "The Battle of Cow-Pens." Historical Magazine, 2d Ser., 2 (July 1867), pp. 24-27.

Tarleton, Banastre. History of the Campaigns of 1780-1781 in the Southern Provinces of North America . London: T. Cadell, 1787.

Desmarais, Norman. The Guide to the American Revolutionary War In Canada and New England: Battles, Raids, and Skirmishes. Ithaca, NY: Busca, Inc. 2009.

Eller, E. M., ed. Chesapeake Bay in the American Revolution. Tidewater Publishers; 1981.

Tustin, Joseph P. ed. Diary of the American War: A Hessian Journal, Captain Johann Ewald. New Haven: Yale University Press; 1979.

Green Springs
Hatch, Charles E., Jr. "The 'Affair Near James Island' (or, 'The Battle of Green Spring') July 6, 1781. Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 53 (July 1945), pp. 172-196.

Lafayette, Marie du Motier, Marquis de. Memoirs, Correspondence and Manuscripts of General Lafayette Published by His Family. 3 vols. London:Saunders & Otley, 1837. [6 vols., Paris H. Fournier aine, 1837-38.]

Wayne, Anthony. "Anthony Wayne at Green Spring, 1781: His Account of the Action." Magazine of American History, 15 (February 1886), pp. 201-202.

Either the bound volumes of Wayne's papers at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania or The Nathanael Greene Papers, which you can access online.

Holmes, Jack D.L. "Alabama's Bloodiest Day of the American Revolution: Counterattack at The Village, January 7, 1781." Alabama Review, 29(July 1976), pp. 208-219.

Kinnaird, Lawrence. "The Spanish Expedition Against Fort St. Joseph in 1781, A New Interpretation." Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 19 (September 1932), pp. 173-191.

Munn, David C. Battles and Skirmishes of the American Revolution in New Jersey. Trenton: Bureau of Geology and Topography, Department of Environmental Protection, 1976. Downloadable version.

O'Kelley, Patrick. Nothing but Blood and Slaughter: The Revolutionary War in the Carolinas Volume 3, 1781. LaVergne, TN:, Inc., 2005.

Parker, J.C. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, v. 83, no. 2, April 1975, pp. 161 and 170.

Pensacola, Siege of
Cubberly, Fred. "Fort George (St. Michael), Pensacola." Florida Historical Quarterly, 6 (october 1928), pp. 220-234.

Farmar, Robert. "Bernardo de Galvez's Siege of Pensacola in 1781 (As related in Robert Farmar's Journal)." Edited by James A. Padgett. Louisiana Historical Quarterly, 26 (April 1943), pp. 311-329.

Faye, Stanley. "British and Spanish Fortifications of Pensacola, 1781-1821." Florida Historical Quarterly, 20 (January 1942), pp. 277-292.

Galvez, Bernardo de. "Bernardo de. Galvez's Combat Diary for the Battle of Pensacola, 1781." Edited by Maury Baker and Margaret Bissler Haas. Florida Historical Quarterly, 56 (October 1977), pp. 176-199.

Galvez, Bernardo de. "Diary of the Operations Against Pensacola." Translated by Gaspar de Cusachs. Louisiana Historical Quarterly, 1 (January 1917), pp. 44-84.

Haarmann, Albert W. "The Siege of Pensacola: An Order of Battle." Florida Historical Quarterly, 44 (January 1966), pp. 193-199.

Lackey, Robert J., ed. "The Siege of Pensacola in 1781." Historical Magazine, 4 (June 1976), pp. 166-172.

Rush, Nixon Orwin. The Battle of Pensacola March 9 to May 8, 1781: Spain's Final Triumph Over Great Britainin the Gulf of Mexico. Tallahassee, FL: Florida State University, 1966.

Servies, James A., ed. The Log of the H.M.S. Mentor, 1780-1781: A New Account of the British Navy at Pensacola. Gainesville, FL: University Presses of Florida, 1982.

Worcester, Donald E. translator. "Miranda's Diary of the Siege of Pensacola, 1781." Florida Historical Quarterly, 29 (January 1951), pp. 163-196.

Purcell and Burg
Purcell, L.E. and Burg, D.F. eds. The World Almanac of the American Revolution. New York: Pharo Books, 1992.

Simcoe, John Graves. Simcoe's Military Journal: A History of the Operations of a Partisan Corps, called The Queen's Rangers. New York: Bartlett & Wellford. 1844

Wallace, L.A., Jr. "The Battery at Hoods" in Virginia Cavalcade Magazine, 23 (Summer 1973), pp.38-47.

Ward and Greer
Ward, H.M. and Greer, H.E., Jr. Richmond During the Revolution. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1977.

Adams, Randolph G. "A View of Cornwallis' Surrender at Yorktown." American Historical Review, 37 (October 1931), pp. 25-49.

Arthur, Robert. "Concentration Before Yorktown in 1781." Military Engineer, 48 (September-October 1954), pp. 375-377.

Arthur, Robert. "The Siege of Yorktown--1781." Military Engineer, 48 (November-December 1954), pp. 448-451.

Aussaresses, Paul. "L'Artillerie Française au siege de Yorktown (1781)." Revue Historique de L'Armée, 26 (#2, 1970), pp. 34-42

Burne, A.H. "Cornwallis at Yorktown." Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research, 17 (Summer 1938), pp. 71-76.

Butler, Richard. "General Richard Butler's Journal of the Siege of Yorktown." Historical Magazine, 8 (March 1864), pp. 102-112.

Calderhead, Willaim. "Prelude to Yorktown: A Critical Week in a Major Campaign." Maryland Historical Magazine, 77 (June 1982), pp. 123-135.

Chadwick, French Ensor, ed. The Graves Papers and Other Documents Relating to the Naval Operations of the Yorktown Campaign July to October 1781. New York: Naval Historical Society, 1916.

Chidsey, Donald Barr. Victory at Yorktown. New York: Crown Publishers, 1962.

Collins, James L., Jr. "Irish Participation at Yorktown." Irish Sword, 15 (Summer 1982), pp. 3-10.

Cugnac, Gaspar Jean Marie René, comte de. Yorktown (1781) Trois mois d'opérations combinées sur terre et sur mar dans une guerre de coalition. Nancy, Paris, and Strasbourg: Imprimerie Berger-Levrault, 1932.

Cutter, Abram E. "Surrender of Cornwallis." New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 25 (July 1871), pp. 270-271.

Davis, Burke. The Campaign that Won America: The Story of Yorktown. New York: Dial Press, 1970.

Devereux, Eugene, ed. "Extracts from Original Letters Relating to the War of Independence and Cornwallis' Capitulation at Yorktown." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 11 (1887), pp. 333-337.

Eckenrode, H.J. The Story of the Campaign and Siege of Yorktown. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1931.

Fleming, Thomas J. Beat the Last Drum: The Siege of Yorktown, 1781. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1963.

Gallatin, Gaspard de. Journal of the Siege of York-town. Translated by the French Department of the College of William and Mary. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1931.

Hale, Richard W. "New Light on the Naval Side of Yorktown." Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings, 71 (1953-1957), pp. 124-132.

Hatch, Charles E., Jr. "Gloucester Point in the Siege of Yorktown, 1781." William and Mary Quarterly, 2d Ser., 20 (April 1940), pp. 265-284.

Hatch & Pitkin
Hatch, Charles E., Jr., and Thomas M. Pitkin., eds. Yorktown, climax of the revolution. Washington: Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1941.

Johnston, H.P. The Yorktown Campaign and the Surrender of Cornwallis. New York, 1881; reprint Eastern Acorn Press, 1981.

Landers, H.L. The Virginia Campaign and the Blockade and Siege of Yorktown, 1781. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1931.

Lutnick, Solomon N. "The Defeat at Yorktown: A View from the British Press." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 72 (October 1964), pp. 471-478.

Morrisey & Hook
Morrisey, Brendan, a nd Adam Hook (Illustrator). Yorktown 1781 : The World Turned Upside Down (Campaign Series). Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1997.

Patton, Jacob Harris. Yorktown: a compendious account of the campaign of the allied French and American forces, resulting in the surrender of Cornwallis and the close of the American Revolution; the succeeding events, to the treat of peace; and the celebration of the centennial anniversary of the surrender at Yorktown. Edited by W. Stitt Robinson, Jr. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1953.

Patton, Jacob Harris. "The Campaign of the Allies: The Surrender of Lord Charles Cornwallis." Magazine of American History, 7 (October 1881), pp. 241-269.

Reickley, John A. "Yorktown: The Bridge." Military Review, 61 (October 1981), pp. 15-22.

Riley, Edward M. "Yorkown During the Revolution." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 57 (1949), pp. 22-43, 176-188, 274-285.

Sands, John O. Yorktown's Captive Fleet. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia for the Mariner's Museum, 1983.

Sands, John O. "Sea Power at Yorktown: The Archeology of the Captive Fleet." Ph.D. Dissertation, George Washington University, 1980.

Shy, John, ed. "Yorktown 1781: Personalties and Documents." Tocqueville Review, 3 (Fall 1981), pp. 249-348.

Stevens, B.
Stevens, Benjamin Franklin, ed. The Campaign in Virginia 1781. An exact Reprint of Six rare Pamphlets on the Clinton-Cornwallis Controversy with very numerous important Unpublished portions of the letters in their Appendixes added from the Original Manuscripts. 2 vols. London: Privately printed, 1888.

Stevens, J.
Stevens, John Austin. "The Allies at Yorktown 1781." Magazine of American History, 6 (January 1881), pp.1-55.

Thayer, Theodore. Yorktown, campaign of strategic options. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, 1975.

Trimble, K.W. "Some Old Yorktown Maps." Military Engineer, 23 (September-October 1931), pp. 439-443.

Trumbull, Jonathan, Jr. "Minutes of Occurrences respecting the Seige[sic] and Capture of York in Virginia, extracted from the Journal of Colonel Jonathan Trumbull, Secretary to the General, 1781." Edited by Charles Deane. Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings, 14 (April 1876), pp. 331-338.

Trusty, Lance. "War by the Book: The Defense of Yorktown, 1781." Indiana Academy of Social Sciences Proceedings, 11 (1976), pp. 111-125.

Tucker, St. George. "St. George Tucker's Journal of the Siege of Yorktown, 1781." Edited by Edward M. Riley. William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Ser., 5 (July 1948), pp. 375-395.

Wright, John W. "Notes on the Siege of Yorktown in 1781 with Special Reference to the Conduct of a Siege in the Eighteenth Century." William and Mary Quarterly, 2d Ser., 12 (October 1932), pp. 229-249.