Biographies of Crown Forces Generals

1775 - 1784


General Information
Ford, Worthington Chauncy. British Officers Serving in the American Revolution 1774-1783. Brooklyn, NY: Historical Printing Club, 1897.

Arnold, Benedict
Arnold, Benedict. "Correspondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold." Edited by Isaac N. Arnold. New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 35 (April 1881), pp. 153-157.

Arnold, Isaac N. The Life of Benedict Arnold: His Patriotism and His Treason. Chicago: Jansen, McClurg & Co., 1880.

-----. "Arnold at the Court of George III." Magazine of American History, 3 (November 1879), pp. 676-684.

Decker, Malcolm. Benedict Arnold, Son of the Heavens. Tarrytown: W. Abbott, 1932.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol II, pp. 107-109.

Hill, George Canning. Benedict Arnold: A Biography. New York: R. Worthington, 1884.

Martin, James Kirby. "Benedict Arnold's Treason as Political Protest." Parameters, 11 (September 1981), pp. 63-74.

Munson, L. H. "Benedict Arnold." Connecticut Magazine, 7 (March-April 1901), pp. 49-58.

Randall, Willard Sterne. Benedict Arnold: Patriot and Traitor. New York: Morrow, 1990.

-----. "Why Benedict Arnold Did It." American Heritage, 41 (September-October 1990), pp. 60-73.

Sellers, Charles Coleman. Benedict Arnold, the Proud Warrior. New York: Minton, Balch & Co., 1930.

Sherwin, Oscar. Benedict Arnold, Patriot and Traitor. New York: The Century Co., [1931].

Sparks, Jared. The Life and Treason of Benedict Arnold. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1865.

Stevens, John Austin. "Benedict Arnold and His Apologist." Magazine of American History, 4 (March 1880), pp. 181-191.

Stimson, F. J. My Story: Being the Memoirs of Benedict Arnold. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, [1917].

Sullivan, Edward Dean. Benedict Arnold, Military Racketeer. New York: Vanguard Press, 1932.

Van Doren, Carl. Secret History of the American revolution. New York: The Viking Press, 1941.

Wallace, Willard M., Traitorous Hero: the Life and Fortunes of Benedict Arnold. New York: Harper, 1954.

-----. Connecticut's Dark Star of the Revolution: General Benedict Arnold. Hartford: American Revolution Bicentennial Commission of Connecticut, 1978.

-----. "Benedict Arnold: Traitorous Patriot" George Washington's Generals and Opponents: Their Exploits and Leadership. New York: De Capo Press, 1994, pp. 163-192.

Burgoyne, John
Billias, George Athan. "John Burgoyne: Ambitious General." George Washington's Generals and Opponents: Their Exploits and Leadership. New York: De Capo Press, 1994, pp. 142-92.

De Fonblanque, Edward Barrington. Political and Military Episodes in the latter half of the eighteenth century. Derived from the life and correspondence of the Right Hon. John Burgoyne, general, statesman, dramatist.. London: Macmillan and co., 1876

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. VII, pp. 340-342.

Gerson, Noel Bertram. The man who lost America: a biography of Gentleman Johnny Burgoyne. New York: Dial Press, 1973.

Howson, Gerald. Burgoyne of Saratoga: a biography. New York: Times Books, c1979.

Hudleston, Francis Josiah Gentleman Johnny Burgoyne. London: J. Cope, 1928.

Lunt, James D. John Burgoyne of Saratoga. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975.

Mintz, Max M. The Generals of Saratoga: John Burgoyne & Horatio Gates. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, c1990.

Paine, Lauran. Gentleman Johnny: the life of General John Burgoyne. London: Hale, 1973.

Campbell, John
Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 6 vols. New York: 1886-89.

Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Carleton, Guy
Browne, G.P. "Carleton, Guy, 1st Baron Dorchester." Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983. Vol. 5, pp. 141-55.

Bradley, A. G. Lord Dorchester. Toronto: Morang and co., limited, 1907. Reprinted as Sir Guy Carleton (Lord Dorchester). Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1966.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. IX, pp. 93-95.

Nelson, Paul David. General Sir Guy Carleton, Lord Dorchester: soldier-statesman of early British Canada. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson Press; Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses, c2000.

Reynolds, P.R. Guy Carleton: a Biography. Toronto: Gage, 1980.

Smith, Paul H. "Sir Guy Carleton: Soldier-Statesman." George Washington's Generals and Opponents: Their Exploits and Leadership. New York: De Capo Press, 1994, pp. 103-141.

Clinton, Henry
Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XI, pp. 94-95.

Willcox, William B. Portrait of a General: Sir Henry Clinton in the War of Independence. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1964.

Willcox, William B. "Sir Henry Clinton: Paralysis of Command" George Washington's Generals and Opponents: Their Exploits and Leadership. New York: De Capo Press, 1994, pp. 73-102.

Cornwallis, Charles
Aspinwall, A. Cornwallis in Bengal. New Delhi: Upper Pub. House, 1987.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XII, pp. 234-241.

Rankin, Hugh F. "Charles Lord Cornwallis: Study in Frustration" George Washington's Generals and Opponents: Their Exploits and Leadership. New York: De Capo Press, 1994, pp. 193-232.

Seton-Karr, W. S. The Marquess Cornwallis and the consolidation of British rule.. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898.

Tower, Charlemagne. Essays political and historical. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1914.

Wickwire, Franklin B. and Mary Wickwire. Cornwallis, the imperial years. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, c1980.

Erskine, William
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Fraser, Simon
Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 6 vols. New York: 1886-89.

Bird, Harrison. March to Saratoga: General Burgoyne and the American Campaign. New York: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XX, pp. 222-223.

Gage, Thomas
Shy, John. "Thomas Gage: Weak Link of Empire" George Washington's Generals and Opponents: Their Exploits and Leadership. New York: De Capo Press, 1994, pp. 3-38.

Alden, John R. General Gage in America. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1948.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XX, pp. 355-357.

Gall, W.R.
Bird, Harrison. March to Saratoga: General Burgoyne and the American Campaign. New York: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Garth, George
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Grant, James
Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 6 vols. New York: 1886-89.

Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XXII, pp. 388-389.

Grant, Alastair Macpherson. General James Grant of Ballindalloch, 1720-1806; being an account of his long services in Flanders, America and the West Indies, with original letters throwing sidelights on many strange and ancient customs in the Highlands, on early days of road making and the recrutiment and equipment of the first Highland regiments London: A.M. Grant, 1930.

Nelson, Paul David. General James Grant: Scottish soldier and royal governor of East Florida. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press, c1993.

Grey, Charles
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XXIII, pp. 172-173.

Nelson, Paul David. Sir Charles Grey: royal soldier, family patriarch. Madison, NJ: Fairliegh Dickinson University Press; London: Associated University Presses, c1996.

Haldiman, Frederick
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XXIV, pp. 16-17.

Hamilton, James
Bird, Harrison. March to Saratoga: General Burgoyne and the American Campaign. New York: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Heister, Leopold Philip de
Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 6 vols. New York: 1886-89.

Howe, William
Anderson, Troyer. The Command of the Howe Brothers During the American Revolution. New York: 1936.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XXVIII, pp. 102-105.

Gruber, Ira D. The Howe Brothers and the American Revolution. New York: Atheneum, 1972.

Jones, Maldwyn A. "Sir William Howe: Conventional Strategist" George Washington's Generals and Opponents: Their Exploits and Leadership. New York: De Capo Press, 1994, pp. 39-72.

Partridge, Bellamy. Sir Billy Howe. New York: Longmans, Green and co., 1932.

Tower, Charlemagne. Essays political and historical. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1914.

Knyphausen, Baron Wilhelm von
Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 6 vols. New York: 1886-89.

Leslie, Alexander
Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 6 vols. New York: 1886-89.

Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Mathew, Edward
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

O'Hara, Charles
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XLII, pp. 61-62.

Paterson, James
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Pattison, James
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Pattison, James. "Official letters of Major General James Pattison, Commandant of Artillery". New York Historical Society, Collections...Publication fund series. Vol 8, pp. 1-430. New York, 1876.

Percy, Hugh
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XLIV, pp. 420-422.

Phillips, William
Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 6 vols. New York: 1886-89.

Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Davis, Robert P. Where a Man Can Go, Major General William Phillips, British Royal Artillery, 1731-1781. Greenwood Press, 1999.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XLV, pp. 220-221.

Pigot, Robert
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XLV, pp. 282-283.

Powell, Henry
Bird, Harrison. March to Saratoga: General Burgoyne and the American Campaign. New York: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Prescott, Richard
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Prevost, Augustine
Butler. Annals of the King's Royal Rifle Corps.

Riesdesel, Baron Frederich Adolphus von
Eelking, Max von. Leben and Wirken des herzoglich-braunschweig' schen General-Lieutenants Friedrich Adolph Riedesel. Nerbst vielen Original-Correspondenzen und historichen Aktenstucken aus dem siebenjahrigen Kriege, dem nordamerikanischen Freiheitkampfe und dem franzosischen Revolutions-Kriege. 3 vol. Leipzig: O. Wigand, 1856.

Stone, W.L. Memoirs, and letters and journals, of Major General Riedesel, during his residence in America. 2 vols. Albany, NY: Munsell, 1868. A translation of Capt Max von Eelking's Life of General Riedesel, vols 2 and 3.

Tharp, Louise Hall. The Baroness and the General. Boston: Little, Brown, 1962.

Robertson, James
Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. XLVIII, p. 409.

Klein, Milton, and Ronald Howard, eds. The Twilight of British Rule in America: The New York Letterbook of General James Robertson, 1780-1783. Cooperstown, NY: The New York State Historical Association, 1983.

Skinner, Cortland
The On-Line Institute for Advanced Loyalist Studies. "Brigadier General Cortland Skinner, 1776-1783." Online.

Smith, Francis
Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Lee, Albert. History of the 10th Foot. 1911.

Specht, Johann
Bird, Harrison. March to Saratoga: General Burgoyne and the American Campaign. New York: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Stirling, Thomas
Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. LIV, pp. 383-384.

Tryon, William
Dictionary of American Biography. 21 vols. New York, 1943.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. LVII, pp. 276-277.

Dill, Alonza Thomas. Governor Tryon and his palace. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1955.

Haywood, Marshall D. Gov. Wm. Tryon and his administration in the province of North Carolina, 1765-1771. Services in a civil capacity and military career as commander-in-chief of colonial forces which suppressed the insurrection of the regulators. Raleigh, N.C.: E.M. Uzzell, printer, 1903.

Nelson, Paul David. William Tryon and the course of empire: a life in British imperial service. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, c1990.

Tryon, William. The correspondence of William Tryon and other selected papers. Edited by William S. Powell. 2 vols. Raleigh, NC: Division of Archives and History. Dept. of Cultural Resources, 1980-81.

Vaughan, John
Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 6 vols. New York: 1886-89.

Boatner, Mark M., III. Encylclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Dictionary of National Biography. 63 vols. London, 1885-1901. Vol. LVIII, pp. 168-169.







Compiled by John K. Robertson, Don Hagist, Todd Braisted, and Don Londahl-Smidt ©2000, 2001

Last Updated: 25 August 2002